Tanka

The tanka originated in ancient Japan. A haiku (5 – 7 – 5 syllables) was sent by messenger, and a two-line reply — 7 syllables each line — was added for the return message.

A tanka can be written in either one or two stanzas.

The syllable format for one stanza is 57577.

The syllable format for two stanzas is 57577